Canada’s year-over-year inflation rate slowed to 7.6 percent in July, with the deceleration largely driven by a decline in gas prices.
The inflation rate hit a nearly 40-year-high of 8.1 percent in June, but economists were widely expecting inflation to have since slowed.
In its latest consumer price index report, Statistics Canada said the rise in prices in July was the smallest monthly gains since December 2021.
It also marks the first decline in year-over-year inflation since June 2020.
The federal agency said gas prices rose 35.6 percent year-over-year in July, compared with 54.6 percent in June.
“Ongoing concerns related to a slowing global economy, as well as increased COVID-19 pandemic public health restrictions in China and slowing demand for gasoline in the United States led to lower worldwide demand for crude oil, putting downward pressure on prices at the pump,” the report said.
But while gas prices declined, food prices at grocery stores rose at the fastest pace since August 1981, with prices up by 9.9 percent on a year-over-year basis compared with 9.4 percent the previous month.
Bakery goods are up 13.6 percent since last year amid higher input costs as the Russian invasion of Ukraine continues to put upward pressure on wheat prices. The prices of other food products also rose faster, including eggs, which are up 15.8 percent, and fresh fruit, up 11.7 percent since last year.
As mortgage costs increase with higher interest rates, the report notes rent prices are accelerating, rising faster in July than the previous month.
With more Canadians travelling during the busy summer season, airfares rose by around 25 percent in July compared with the previous month. Traveller accommodation prices rose by nearly 50 percent since a year ago, with the largest price increases in Ontario.
As countries around the world struggle with skyrocketing prices, there are some signs inflation is beginning to ease, with the U.S. seeing its inflation rate decline in July as well.
Still, inflation is well above the Bank of Canada’s two percent target.
The central bank is watching the latest reading of inflation as it gears up to make its next key interest rate on Sept. 7, when it’s expected to raise borrowing rates again.