G-7 Considers More Air Defense for Ukraine as Fighting Rages

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KYIV—Russian missiles, artillery, and drones hammered targets in eastern and southern Ukraine, the Ukrainian General Staff said, as global economic powers pledged to beef up Kyiv’s military capabilities with a focus on air defense.

The Group of Seven (G-7) promised to “meet Ukraine’s urgent requirements” after President Volodymyr Zelenskyy appealed for modern tanks, artillery, and long-range weapons to counter Russia’s invasion.

Zelenskiy also urged G7 leaders gathered at a virtual meeting to support his idea of convening a special Global Peace Summit dedicated to bringing peace to his country.

The summit would be focused on the implementation of Kyiv’s 10-point peace plan that insists on, among other things, Russia’s withdrawal of all its troops from Ukraine and no territorial concessions on Kyiv’s part.

British Defense Minister Ben Wallace said on Monday he would be “open minded” about supplying Ukraine with longer-range missiles to target launch sites for Russian drones that have hit infrastructure if Russia carried on targeting civilian areas.

U.S. President Joe Biden told Zelenskyy on Sunday that Washington’s priority was to boost Ukraine’s air defenses.

Moscow has denied targeting civilians but the war has displaced millions and killed thousands of non-combatants.

Jan Egeland, head of the Norwegian Refugee Council, said “unlivable conditions” were likely to send another wave of hundreds of thousands of Ukrainian refugees into Europe over the winter.

In the latest fighting, Russian artillery hammered nearly 20 settlements around the ruined eastern city of Bakhmut, and there was “massive shelling” of the southern city Kherson which was liberated by Ukrainian forces last month, Ukrainian military and civilian officials said on Monday.

Reuters could not independently verify the latest battlefield accounts.

Energy Crisis

Zelenskyy also appealed to G-7 leaders to help Ukraine obtain an extra 2 billion cubic meters (70.6 billion  cubic feet) of natural gas in light of dire energy shortages as millions languish without power in subzero cold.

Sergey Kovalenko, the head of YASNO, which provides electricity to Kyiv, said on his Facebook page that the limitation to power consumption in the capital remained significant.

Ukraine’s Black Sea port of Odesa on Monday resumed operations suspended after Russia used Iranian-made drones to hit two energy plants two days earlier. Power is slowly being restored to some 1.5 million people, grid operator Ukrenergo said.

Separately, European Union foreign ministers agreed to put 2 billion euros ($2.1 billion) more into a fund that has been used to pay for military support for Ukraine, after it was largely depleted. More money may be added in the future.

There are no peace talks and no end in sight to the conflict, the biggest in Europe since World War Two, and which Moscow describes as a “special military operation” against security threats posed by its neighbour. Ukraine and its Western allies call it an unprovoked, imperialist land grab.

Russia does not yet see a “constructive” approach from the United States on the Ukraine conflict, RIA news agency quoted Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Vershinin as saying on Monday.

Heavy Fighting

Ukraine has said Russian forces are suffering huge losses in brutal dug-in warfare on the eastern front, where Moscow is battling to take full control of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions, two of four territories the Kremlin claims to have annexed in votes rejected by most countries as illegal.

A senior U.S. military official said Russia was burning through so much ammunition that it was using 40-year-old rounds with high failure rates.

The fighting is also exacting a serious toll on Ukrainian troops.

“There are days when there are many heavily wounded: four or five amputations at once,” Oleksii, a 35-year-old army doctor who declined to give his full name, told Reuters at a military hospital in eastern Ukraine.

There were unverified reports on social media of an attack on a bridge behind the front lines in the Russian-occupied city of Melitopol, seen as vital to Russia’s defence of territory it holds in the south, including Crimea.

Vladimir Rogov, a Russian-installed official in Zaporizhzhia region, shared video on his Telegram channel of what he said was the bridge and blamed Ukrainian “terrorists” for the damage. Ivan Fedorov, the exiled mayor of Melitopol, also shared video showing damage to what appeared to be the same bridge.

Reuters could not independently confirm the reports.

By Nick Starkov and Pavel Polityuk

Reuters

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